The Fundamental Data: Robeson

Robeson, Pennsylvania is situated in Berks county, and includes a population of 7379, and is part of the more Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD metropolitan region. The median age is 43.2, with 12% for the residents under 10 years old, 11.4% are between 10-19 years of age, 9.4% of town residents in their 20’s, 13.5% in their thirties, 10.8% in their 40’s, 17.1% in their 50’s, 15.4% in their 60’s, 7.2% in their 70’s, and 3.2% age 80 or older. 51.4% of residents are men, 48.6% female. 66.5% of residents are recorded as married married, with 8% divorced and 22.4% never wedded. The percent of residents identified as widowed is 3.1%.

The typical family unit size in Robeson, PA is 3.03 family members members, with 91.2% being the owner of their very own homes. The average home valuation is $218688. For individuals leasing, they spend an average of $927 monthly. 56% of families have 2 sources of income, and a median household income of $81029. Median individual income is $35352. 1.5% of inhabitants survive at or below the poverty line, and 10.4% are handicapped. 9.1% of residents are veterans associated with the armed forces of the United States.

Individuals From Robeson, PA Completely Love Chaco Culture National Park In New Mexico, USA

Lets visit NW New Mexico's Chaco Canyon from Robeson, Pennsylvania. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was caught in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (intermittently running stream) that cut the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in ponds to which runoff was diverted by a system of ditches, along with natural sandstone reservoirs. Timber sources, which were needed to construct roofs and story that is upper, were formerly abundant in the canyon but vanished about the time of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As a consequence, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an length that is extended of to minimize body weight, before returning and transporting them back to the canyon. This was no easy undertaking, given that each tree would have taken a team of workers several days to transport, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized in the building and renovation of the canyon's approximately dozen major great house and great kiva sites over three centuries. Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. Despite the fact that Chaco Canyon had a density of construction never seen previously in the region, the canyon was just a tiny part of a huge linked territory that created Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large homes and magnificent kivas built in the same distinctive brick style and design as those found inside the canyon, but on a lesser scale. Although the majority of these sites were found in the San Juan Basin, they covered a stretch of the Colorado Plateau higher than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by digging and leveling the underlying ground and, in some instances, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads often began at large buildings inside the canyon and beyond, and then radiate outward in amazingly straight parts.   Chacoans relocated to towns within the north, south, and west that had less marginal environments, reflecting Chacoan impact at the time. Droughts that lasted far into the century that is 13th prevented the re-emergence of an integrated system like Chaco's and led to the scattering of Chacoan peoples throughout the Southwest. Their descendants, present Puebloan peoples mostly residing in Arizona and New Mexico, regard Chaco to be a part of their ancestral homeland, as shown by oral history traditions handed down through the generations. Significant vandalism occurred in the canyon in the second half of the century that is nineteenth, with people tearing down components of great residence wall space, gaining access to chambers, and destroying their contents. Beginning in 1896 CE, the impact of the devastation was present in archaeological excavations and surveys, leading to the creation of this Chaco Canyon National Monument in 1907 CE, which stop unregulated looting and allowed systematic archaeological investigations to be done. In 1980 CE, the monument was extended and renamed Chaco Culture National Historical Park, and in 1987 CE, it was included to the UNESCO World Heritage List. By returning to respect the spirits of the forefathers, Pueblo descendants retain their link to a place that serves as a reminder that is living of common record.   A thousand years ago, in the high desert of New Mexico, inhabitants from Chaco built multi-story construction and engineered highways. This culture that is ancient retained in Chaco Culture National Heritage Park. Perhaps one of the most visited prehistoric remains within the United States and is also a "universal value" World Heritage Site. Here children can explore the ruins of stone from the past millennium, go through the T-shaped doors, climb and descend staircases of multifamily buildings and watch through windows into the eternal infinite desert sky. Individuals residing in the Four Corners area (New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, Anasazi (Pueblo Ancestral) from 100-1600 AD). They cultivated maize, beans and squash, produced cloths and pottery, built canyons and high cliffs. The Anasazi began erecting enormous stone building sites in Chaco Canyon in about 850 AD. Chaco became the old hub of a society that was connected by an array of highways and over 70 towns many kilometers apart. The spiritual and heritage that is cultural of, Navajo and other Indians of the Pueblo is today traced in Chaco. The people of Chaco were excellent engineers, constructors, and sky watchers, but no written language is known, and the mode of life of the villages remains an enigma that is archeological. Chaco is distinctive in the old southwest in its magnificent buildings and straight pathways. Hundreds of rooms, a square that is central circle-like cellar rooms are in the building buildings known by the names of large houses. They originated from surrounding cliffs using steel tools; they formed blocks; they erected walls with millions of stones with mud-mortar; they plastered the walls with plaster both inside and out; and they built buildings up to five stories high.