Analyzing Harmar, PA

Harmar, Pennsylvania-Native American History

Lets visit Chaco Canyon National Park (Northwest New Mexico) from Harmar. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas in Chaco Wash's arroyo, an stream that is intermittently flowing cuts the canyon. The timber sources that were used to construct roofs and higher-story levels were once plentiful in the canyon. However, they disappeared around the right time the Chacoan fluorescence occurred due to deforestation or drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut down trees. They then dried them and returned into the canyon to transport all of them. It had been a difficult task, considering that every tree required a team of workers to transport and much more than 200 000 trees were used in building the three-century old great houses and great kivas. The Designed Landscape of Chaco Canyon. Chaco Canyon was a small part of the vast land that is linked offered rise to Chacoan civilisation. There had been over 200 settlements outside the canyon with magnificent homes and kivas, built utilising the brick that is same and style as the ones inside. Although most of these settlements were located in the San Juan Basin they also covered an area of Colorado Plateau that has been larger than England. The Chacoans created a network of roads to link these communities to each other by leveling and digging the ground, and brick that is sometimes adding or clay to support them. Many of these roads start at the canyon that is large and extend outwards in amazing straight sections. Despite the fact that steep forms that are common in South West America, i.e. mesas or buttes, crossed their streets, Chacoans kept the relative lines of the streets instead of building ramps or stairs on the faces. This strategy has a drawback that is significant. The roads are often not clear and may be difficult to travel by foot (9 meters) therefore they may serve some symbolic or spiritual purpose, such as leading pilgrims to rituals and other gatherings. To facilitate faster communication between neighboring houses and places that are distant large buildings were placed in direct line of sight. Shrines at the tops of the mesas allowed for quicker signalling. Fajada Butte is a presence that is prominent Chaco Canyon. To give structure and connection to the Chacoan ecosystem, it is common to buildings that are align key seasons like solstices and equinoxes. The wall at the Plaza of the Pueblo Bonito's magnificent Plaza is, for example, oriented to the north and east. It is also located to the west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada is a large, 19m-diameter kiva located in the Canyon. It has two T-shaped doors that run along the line that is north-south two external doors. The outside doors tend to be oriented to the east and west so the rising sun can only pass they are equinox through them on the day.

The work force participation rate in Harmar is 53.6%, with an unemployment rate of 1.2%. For all those in the work force, the typical commute time is 27.6 minutes. 14.5% of Harmar’s residents have a masters diploma, and 18.8% posses a bachelors degree. For all without a college degree, 31.8% have some college, 28.6% have a high school diploma, and only 6.2% have an education not as much as twelfth grade. 4.2% are not covered by medical health insurance.

The typical family unit size in Harmar, PA is 2.6 family members members, with 65.5% owning their particular dwellings. The average home value is $120749. For those people paying rent, they pay out on average $842 per month. 60.2% of households have two incomes, and a median household income of $57260. Average income is $33609. 7.5% of citizens exist at or beneath the poverty line, and 16.2% are disabled. 14.9% of residents are veterans regarding the armed forces.